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How to Care for Dry and Oily Skin- An In-Depth Analysis 

How to Care for Dry and Oily Skin

Do you have skin that is both oily and dry? Are you tired of feeling like your skin is constantly at war with itself? If so, you’re not alone. Many people have combination skin, which means that they have areas of dry skin and areas of oily skin. This can be a frustrating problem to deal with, but it’s not impossible to manage.

In this article, I will teach you how to care for dry and oily skin in a way that will help you achieve clear, balanced skin. So if you’re ready to take control of your skin, read on! This is your guide to a healthy, radiant complexion.

Understanding The Different Skin Types

Skin types are typically categorized based on various characteristics such as oiliness, sensitivity, hydration level, and susceptibility to different skin concerns. Understanding your skin type can help you choose the safest skincare products and routines that cater to your skin’s specific needs. The common skin types are. 

i. Normal Skin

  • Characteristics: Balanced moisture levels, few imperfections, small pores, even texture.
  • Traits: Rare occurrences of breakouts, comfortable and not too oily or dry.

ii. Oily skin

  • Characteristics: Excessive sebum production, larger pores, shiny appearance, more prone to acne.
  • Traits: Frequent breakouts, especially in the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin), makeup might not last as long due to excess oil.

iii. Dry Skin

  • Characteristics: Lack of natural oils, flaky or rough texture, tightness, dull appearance.
  • Traits: Prone to irritation, redness, fine lines, and sensitivity. Needs regular moisturization and hydration.

iv. Combination Skin

  • Characteristics: A mix of oily and dry areas, often an oily T-zone and drier cheeks.
  • Traits: Different areas of the face may need different treatments; requires balanced care.

v. Sensitive Skin

  • Characteristics: Prone to redness, itching, burning, or reactions to various products.
  • Traits: Reacts strongly to environmental factors, fragrances, and certain ingredients; requires gentle and hypoallergenic products.

vi. Acne-Prone Skin

  • Characteristics: Frequently experiences clogged pores, blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples.
  • Traits: Needs special attention to prevent breakouts, requires non-comedogenic (won’t clog pores) products.

vii. Aging or Mature Skin

  • Characteristics: Fine lines, wrinkles, loss of elasticity, age spots, and thinner texture.
  • Traits: Requires anti-aging ingredients like retinol and hyaluronic acid, along with proper hydration and protection.

viii. Dehydrated Skin

  • Characteristics: Lacks water, feels tight, and can occur with any skin type.
  • Traits: Requires hydrating products to replenish moisture, including lightweight serums and water-based moisturizers.

Causes and Symptoms of Dry Skin

Dry skin, also known as xerosis, occurs when the skin lacks proper moisture and becomes dehydrated. It can be caused by various internal and external factors, and its symptoms can range from mild discomfort to more severe issues. Here’s a breakdown of the causes and symptoms of dry skin. 


Environmental Factors: Exposure to dry and low-humidity environments, especially during winter months, can lead to moisture loss from the skin.

Hot Showers and Baths: Prolonged exposure to hot water can strip the skin of its natural   oils, leading to dryness.

Harsh Soaps and Cleansers: Using soap or cleansers that are too strong or contain harsh chemicals can disrupt the skin’s natural barrier and cause dryness.

Age: As people age, their skin tends to produce fewer natural oils, making it more prone to dryness.

Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions like eczema, psoriasis, and hypothyroidism can cause or exacerbate dry skin.

Medications: Some medications, such as diuretics and certain acne treatments, can contribute to dry skin as a side effect.

Underlying Health Conditions: Certain systemic conditions like diabetes and kidney disease can affect skin hydration.

Dehydration: General dehydration can lead to dry skin, as the body prioritizes hydration for internal organs over the skin.


Rough or Flaky Skin: Dry skin often appears rough, scaly, or flaky, especially on areas like the elbows, knees, and shins.

Tightness and Discomfort: After washing or being exposed to water, dry skin can often feel tight.

Itching: Itching is a common companion to dry skin, and its intensity can escalate when the skin becomes overly parched or is subjected to scratching.

Redness and Irritation: The skin may become red and irritated, particularly if you scratch it, which can lead to a vicious cycle of more itching and irritation.

Fine Lines and Cracks: In severe cases, dry skin can develop fine lines, cracks, or fissures, which may even bleed in extreme situations.

Dull Appearance: Lacking the natural oils that impart a healthy glow, dry skin can appear lackluster and lacking in vitality.

Sensitivity: Dry skin can be more sensitive to environmental factors and certain skincare products, causing discomfort or stinging sensations.

Causes and Symptoms of Oily Skin

Oily skin, also known as seborrhea, is a common skin condition characterized by an overproduction of sebum, the natural oil produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. While sebum is essential for maintaining skin health and hydration, excessive production can lead to oily skin and related issues. Here are the causes and symptoms of oily skin. 


Genetics: Oily skin can be hereditary, meaning that if your parents or close relatives have oily skin, you’re more likely to have it as well.

Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, particularly during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause, can lead to increased sebum production. Androgens, the male hormones present in both males and females, play a role in stimulating sebum production.

Diet: Consuming a diet rich in high-glycemic index foods and dairy products might contribute to increased sebum production and exacerbate oily skin.

Environmental Factors: Humid climates and hot weather can stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more oil.

Incorrect Skincare: Overusing harsh or oil-stripping skincare products can actually lead to rebound oil production as the skin tries to compensate for the loss of natural oils. Similarly, not moisturizing adequately can signal the skin to produce more oil.

Stress: Chronic stress can trigger hormonal imbalances that lead to excessive oil production.


Shiny Appearance: Oily skin often has a shiny or greasy appearance, especially on the forehead, nose (also known as the “T-zone”), and chin.

Enlarged Pores: Excess oil can lead to enlarged pores, which are more noticeable, especially on the nose, cheeks, and forehead.

Acne: Due to the surplus oil creating an ideal habitat for the proliferation of acne-causing bacteria, oily skin is susceptible to developing acne. Common occurrences on oily skin include blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples.

Makeup Slippage: Makeup may have trouble adhering to oily skin, leading to makeup smudging and wearing off quickly.

Skin Texture: Due to the buildup of dead skin cells and excess sebum, the texture of oily skin can often become rough or coarse.

Frequent Breakouts:Frequent breakouts and recurring acne flare-ups are often more common in individuals with oily skin.

Clogged Pores: Excess oil can combine with dead skin cells and debris, leading to clogged pores, which can further exacerbate acne and other skin issues.

How to Remove Oily Skin Naturally

Managing oily skin naturally involves a combination of proper skincare, lifestyle changes, and using gentle ingredients to balance oil production. Here are some tips to help you remove excess oil from your skin naturally:

i. Cleansing

  • Use a gentle, pH-balanced cleanser that is formulated for oily or combination skin.
  • Wash your face twice a day, in the morning and before bed, to remove excess oil and impurities.
  • Avoid over-cleansing, as this can strip your skin of essential oils and lead to increased oil production.

ii. Exfoliation

  • Exfoliate your skin 2-3 times a week to remove dead skin cells and prevent clogged pores.
  • Use a mild exfoliant with natural ingredients like oatmeal, sugar, or clay. Avoid harsh scrubs that can irritate the skin.

iii. Toning

  • Apply a gentle, alcohol-free toner to help balance the skin’s pH levels and tighten pores.
  • Witch hazel, rose water, or green tea are natural toners that can be effective for oily skin.

iv. Moisturizing

  • Even oily skin needs moisturization to maintain its barrier function. Use a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer.
  • Look for moisturizers that contain ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or niacinamide.

v. Masks

  • Use clay or mud masks once a week to help absorb excess oil and tighten pores.
  • Clay masks containing ingredients like kaolin or bentonite can be effective in controlling oiliness.

v. Natural Remedies

Some natural ingredients can help manage oily skin. These include:

  • Apple Cider Vinegar: Dilute it with water and use it as a toner. It has astringent properties that can help control oil.
  • Honey: Its antibacterial properties can help prevent acne and balance oil production.
  • Aloe Vera: Soothes the skin and helps control excess oil without over-drying.

vi. Diet and Hydration

  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. Dehydrated skin can produce more oil to compensate.
  • Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Avoid excessive consumption of sugary, greasy, and processed foods.

vii. Sun Protection

  • Always use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30, even if you have oily skin. Look for oil-free or mattifying formulas.

viii. Hands Off

  • Avoid touching your face with your hands, as this can transfer oil and dirt and worsen breakouts.

ix. Stress Management

  • Stress can contribute to oily skin. Practice relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing to manage stress.

How to Get Rid of Oily Face Fast

  1. Wash your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser. Avoid using harsh cleansers that can strip your skin of its natural oils.
  2. Use a toner to remove excess oil and dirt. Look for a toner that is oil-free and non-comedogenic, which means it will not clog your pores.
  3. Use a mattifying moisturizer. This will help to control oil production and keep your skin looking matte throughout the day.
  4. Avoid touching your face throughout the day. This can transfer oil from your hands to your face, making it more oily.
  5. Use blotting papers to absorb excess oil. Blotting papers are a quick and easy way to remove excess oil from your face.
  6. Get regular facials. A facial can help to deep cleanse your skin and remove excess oil.
  7. Eat a healthy diet. Eating a healthy diet can help to improve your overall skin health, including reducing oil production.
  8. Get enough sleep. When you are well-rested, your body produces less oil.
  9. Manage stress. Stress can trigger the production of excess oil. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, yoga, or meditation.

If you have severe oily skin, you may need to see a dermatologist. They can prescribe medication or recommend other treatments to help control your oil production.

How to Treat Combination Skin

Combination skin is a common skin type where certain areas of the face, such as the forehead, nose, and chin (the T-zone), tend to be oily, while other areas like the cheeks are drier or more normal. Treating combination skin involves finding a balance between managing excess oil in some areas and providing enough hydration in others. Here’s a skincare routine and some tips to help you treat combination skin. 

Gentle cleansing

Use a mild, sulfate-free cleanser to cleanse your face twice a day – once in the morning and once before bed. Avoid harsh cleansers that can strip your skin of its natural oils and disrupt the balance.


Exfoliate your skin 2-3 times a week to remove dead skin cells and prevent clogged pores. Look for a gentle chemical exfoliant containing alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) rather than harsh physical scrubs, which can irritate the skin.


Use a gentle, alcohol-free toner to balance the skin’s pH levels and prepare it for the next steps of your routine. Look for a toner that contains soothing and hydrating ingredients.


Apply a lightweight, non-comedogenic moisturizer to the drier areas of your face. For the oilier T-zone, you can use a gel-based moisturizer or skip moisturizer if your skin doesn’t feel dry in those areas.

Sun protection

Wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 every morning, regardless of your skin type. This helps protect your skin from sun damage and premature aging.

Targeted treatments

If you have specific skin concerns like acne or fine lines, use targeted treatments after cleansing and before moisturizing. Use a salicylic acid-based product for acne-prone areas and a gentle retinol product for anti-aging benefits.


Use a hydrating mask on the drier areas of your face to provide extra nourishment. For the oilier areas, consider using a clay mask to help control excess oil production.

Avoid overwashing

Washing your face excessively can strip your skin of its natural oils and worsen the imbalance. Stick to the recommended twice-a-day cleansing routine.

Choose the right products

Opt for products labeled as “non-comedogenic” or “oil-free” to prevent clogging of pores in the oily areas. Look for products containing ingredients like hyaluronic acid for hydration and niacinamide to regulate oil production.

Stay hydrated and maintain a balanced diet

Drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated from within. Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids can also help promote healthy skin.

Try EXTRASHADE Daily Defense Hydrating Lotion SPF 30

Specifically created for people with olive to ebony skin tones, EXTRASHADE Daily Defense Hydrating Lotion SPF30 is designed to take care of dry and dull skin while also safeguarding it against the sun’s harmful UVA and UVB rays. And the best part? It doesn’t leave behind that messy, white, chalky residue.

Although your skin tones ranging from olive to ebony do offer some natural protection with an SPF of around 13, they still leave your skin vulnerable to dangerous UVA rays. These rays can lead to skin issues like Melanoma, Hyperpigmentation, and Premature Aging. Even if you’re aiming to protect your skin, most sunscreens available in regular stores tend to be thick and chalky, making your skin look grayish-white and not very appealing.

But with EXTRASHADE Daily Defense Hydrating Lotion SPF30, things are different. Instead of that chalky mess, you get an invisible lotion that not only protects your skin from free radicals, fine lines, and dryness but also nourishes it deeply. This invisible formula is both gentle and lightweight. It’s fantastic as a base for makeup, yet strong enough to shield your skin from the harmful effects of UVB and UVA rays.

EXTRASHADE achieved this by combining the benefits of a full-spectrum sunscreen with the nourishment you’d expect from a top-notch, ultra-hydrating moisturizer. They did this by blending eight natural plant extracts that are known to calm irritated skin, ward off harmful UV rays, and leave your skin looking and feeling smooth and soft.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. How do I know if I have dry skin?

Dry skin often feels tight, rough, and flaky. It may appear dull and lacking in moisture. Fine lines and cracks can also be more noticeable on dry skin.

  1. What is a good skincare routine for dry skin?

A good routine involves gentle cleansing, using a hydrating cleanser, followed by a moisturizer containing ingredients like hyaluronic acid or glycerin. Regular exfoliation and avoiding hot showers can also help.

  1. Should I use a toner for dry skin?

Yes, but opt for alcohol-free and hydrating toners. These can help balance the skin’s pH and provide additional hydration.

  1. How often should I exfoliate dry skin?

Exfoliating 1-2 times a week with a gentle exfoliator can help remove dead skin cells and improve absorption of moisturizers.  

  1. Are there any ingredients to avoid with dry skin?

Avoid harsh cleansers with sulfates, alcohol-based products, and heavily fragranced skincare, as these can strip away moisture. 

  1. How can I tell if I have oily skin?

Oily skin appears shiny, particularly in the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin). Pores are often larger and may be prone to acne and blackheads.

  1. What is a suitable skincare routine for oily skin?

A routine should include a gentle foaming cleanser, oil-free moisturizer, and a non-comedogenic sunscreen. Salicylic acid or glycolic acid-based exfoliants can help control oil and unclog pores.

Getting to The End 

Finally, caring for dry and oily skin requires a combination of understanding your specific skin type, adopting a consistent skincare routine, and using the right products. For dry skin, it is important to focus on moisturizing and hydrating the skin regularly, while avoiding harsh cleansers and exfoliants. 

While, oily skin needs a gentle yet effective cleansing routine to remove excess oil and prevent clogged pores. Additionally, incorporating lifestyle changes such as drinking plenty of water and maintaining a healthy diet can also contribute to healthier skin overall. 

By following these tips and being mindful of your unique skincare needs, you can effectively care for both dry and oily skin types. Take charge of your skincare routine today and enjoy the benefits of radiant, balanced skin.

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