Why do I have acne and dark marks?

Acne is a disease of the sebaceous glands. It cannot be 100% cured, but the good news is that it can be successfully treated and controlled with the right products.

How a pimple forms: Hormones prompt your oil glands to produces excess oil, provoking the skin cells in your pores to rapidly shed. When the pore becomes clogged by trapped oil and dead skin cells, it creates a perfect breeding ground for irritating acne bacteria. As your skin tries to deal with the bacteria, it becomes inflamed, eventually causing a full-blown breakout. To stop this cycle from repeating itself over and over, you need to control its four trigger factors: Excess sebum, pore-clogging dead skin cells, acne bacteria and inflammation.

Acne is one trigger for (PIH) Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation, and the resulting dark spots often can be of equal or greater concern than the original pimples.

Although PIH can occur in all skin types, it is more common in people of Africa, Asia, Latin, and indigenous Indian background, and can affect men and women equally. Areas of the skin affected by PIH correspond with areas of previous inflammation or injury. When dark changes in your skin’s color remain after the underlying problem has gone away, you have PIH.

There are several effective treatments that can be used for PIH, however, none of these treatments are quick fixes and each requires time to take effect.  Among the common treatments include retinoid creams (vitamin A derivatives), bleaching creams (containing hydroquinone) and chemical peels. Even the strictest of brightening regimens can be counteracted by minimal exposure to UV light. When a hyperpigmented area is exposed to UV light, more melanin production is triggered on a cellular level, causing further darkening.

Wear sunscreen every single day and be patient. They will fade. Sunscreen will help it from getting worse while preventing new hyperpigmented spots from developing. According to Andrew F. Alexis, M.D., department of dermatology, at Mount Sinai, in New York, because sun exposure can worsen dark spots, year-round sun protection is extremely important. “I recommend that my patients wear a moisturizer with sunscreen every day to protect their skin from further damage.”

Finally, keep in mind that dark spots and hyperpigmentation are better prevented than treated. So remember to use sunscreen to prevent sun damage on the skin.

To maintain healthy and great looking skin, wear your Daily Hydrating Sunscreen Lotion.

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