Skin Type

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The first step to good skin health is being knowledgeable about your darker complexion. Melanin is the chemical that determines the color of skin. The more melanin there is in a person’s skin, the darker that person’s skin will be. The number distribution and type of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) in the skin, determine your skin color. Dermatologists refer to the degrees of pigmentation in skin as “skin types.” Skin types range from very little pigment (type 1) to very darkly pigmented (type 6). How easily you burn depends on your skin type and how light or dark your skin is.

Fitzpatrick Classification for Sun-Reactive Skin Types

Skin Type


Reaction to UVA

Reaction to Sun

Type I Caucasian; blond or red hair, freckles, fair skin, blue eyes Very Sensitive Always burns easily, never tans; very fair skin tone
Type II Caucasian; blond or red hair, freckles, fair skin, blue eyes or green eyes Very Sensitive Usually burns easily, tans with difficulty; fair skin tone
Type III Darker Caucasian, light Asian Sensitive Burns moderately, tans gradually; fair to medium skin tone
Type IV Mediterranean, Asian, Hispanic Moderately Sensitive Rarely burns, always tans well; medium skin tone
Type V Middle Eastern, Latin, light-skinned African American, Indian Minimally Sensitive Very rarely burns, tans very easily; olive or dark skin tone
Type VI Dark-skinned African American Least Sensitive Never burns, deeply pigmented; very dark skin tone

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